The capital city and the state of Germany. It is the country’s largest city in area and population, and the second most populous city in the European Union. Berlin is one of the most influential centers in European politics and culture. The city serves as an important junction of national and continental transportation. Berlin is a major tourist and shopping destination and is well known for its diverse range of convention venues and media outlets. It is home to some of the world’s most prominent universities, research faculties, theatres, and museums.